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Understanding the skin microbiome

The word microbiome is often associated with intestinal health, however, today the microbiome of the skin is also spoken of. The microbiome is the set of microorganisms (bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi and protists) including their genes and metabolites, as well as the environmental conditions that surround them. The microbiota is the set of microorganisms in a specific habitat, which may be the one that resides in our body.

Approximately 10 years ago, the Human Microbiome Project of the National Institute of Health in the United States (NIH) was established, whose purpose has been to characterize the normal microbiota in healthy volunteers, and promote research in various areas of genomics and clinic.

The skin microbiome (also known as skin flora), coexists and works together with the skin barrier (the outermost layer of the skin) to activate the immune system and protect the body from external aggressors such as pathogens, infections, UV rays and pollution.

But not all of them are good tenants in the skin, and therefore it is essential to achieve and promote the balance of the microbiome using the benefits provided naturally by prebiotics. Prebiotics are superfoods that selectively and intelligently nourish microorganisms and encourage the growth of beneficial bacteria unlike probiotics which are live bacteria or microorganisms that provide health benefits when consumed or applied to the skin.

A healthy microbiome will ensure there is no overgrowth of pathogens that can cause infection, and symbiotic bacteria can limit inflammation and protect from environmental aggressors. However, the health of the skin microbiome is based on a balanced diversity of bacteria.

A microbiome consciously cared for.

In the skin, the microbiota stimulates and regulates the immune system, and varies according to the microenvironment (humid, dry, sebaceous, plants). It can be the cause of some diseases that are not only infectious, for example, the imbalance in the microbiota with a predominance of S. aureus has been associated with the development of atopic dermatitis.

Today there are different factors such as the exposome that alter the microbiota of the skin. This impact and imbalance caused by it is known as expobiota (Expo de exposome and Biota for skin flora).

By keeping the microbiome balanced, the skin becomes strong, healthy and resistant to the effects of aging and the exposome. In addition to this, it has the great advantage of improving self-esteem, reducing stress and influencing our emotions, since healthy skin both externally and internally is related to a calm mind that can reduce inflammation and keep the skin’s microbiome balanced. .

At Novachem, we are inspired by nature to consciously balance and maintain this skin flora.

Among these active ingredients we find Lactobio™, a prebiotic based on Inulin of plant origin, which thanks to its content of fructooligosaccharides, acts on the resident microbiota as a superfood that increases beneficial microorganisms for the skin and scalp. In addition, it promotes the defense, hydration and nutrition of it.

As we understand and learn more about the microbiome, the cosmetics industry must move towards new ecological frontiers of exploration, where the internal (lifestyles) and external (habitats) worlds are important to the ecosystems of the skin. Adopting the approach of respect for nature and its biodiversity can achieve an opportunity to improve human and environmental health for future generations.

Without neglecting environmental awareness, the importance of care and respect for the planet’s biodiversity, Novachem continues to innovate and expand its portfolio inspired by Argentine biodiversity.

In this case, thinking of avoiding and reducing the dysbiosis of the microbiota of our skin; Novachem has created Oleobiota™, an active ingredient with a triple impact concept, with the Nagoya protocol and with sustainability in mind. This active will be available soon.